Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. If a group of words containing a subject and verb acts as an adjective, it is called an Adjective Clause. My sister, who is much older than I amis an engineer. If an adjective clause is stripped of its subject and verb, the resulting modifier becomes an Adjective Phrase: He is the man who is keeping my family in the poorhouse. Adjectives are frail; don't ask Superlatively yummy 1 to do more work than they should.
Superlatively yummy 1 your broad-shouldered verbs and nouns do the hard work of description. Be particularly cautious in your use of adjectives that don't have much to say in the first place: Consider the uses of modifiers in this adjectivally rich paragraph from Thomas Wolfe's Look Homeward, Angel.
Charles Scribner's,p. Adjectives are highlighted in this color ; participlesverb forms acting as adjectives, are highlighted in this blue.
An abundance of adjectives like this would be uncommon in contemporary prose. Whether we have lost something or not is left up to you.
Unlike Adverbswhich often seem capable of popping up almost anywhere in a sentence, adjectives nearly always appear immediately before the noun or noun phrase that they modify.
Sometimes they appear in a string of adjectives, and when they do, they appear in a set order according to category. And there are certain adjectives that, in combination Superlatively yummy 1 certain words, are always "postpositive" coming after the thing they modify:.
See, also, the note on a- adjectivesbelow, for the position of such words as "ablaze, aloof, aghast. The degrees of comparison are known as the positivethe comparativeand the superlative.
Actually, only the comparative and superlative show degrees. We use the comparative for comparing two things and the superlative for comparing three or more things. Notice that the word than frequently accompanies the comparative and the word the precedes the superlative.
The inflected suffixes -er and -est suffice to form most comparatives and superlatives, although we need -ier and -iest Superlatively yummy 1 a two-syllable adjective ends in y happier and happiest ; otherwise we use more and most when an adjective has more than one syllable. Certain adjectives have irregular forms in the comparative and superlative degrees:.
People who argue that one woman cannot be more pregnant than another have never been nine-months pregnant with twins. According to Superlatively yummy 1 Garner, "complete" is one of those adjectives that does not admit of comparative degrees.
We could say, however, "more nearly complete. Other adjectives that Garner would include in this list are as follows: Copyright by Bryan A.
Comprehensive superlatively yummy 1 xxx photo
Published by Oxford University Press, Inc. Be careful, also, not to use more along with a comparative adjective formed with -er nor to use most along with a superlative adjective formed with -est e. Superlatively yummy 1 adverbs and adjectives in their comparative and superlative forms can be accompanied by premodifiers, single words and phrases, that intensify the Superlatively yummy 1. And sometimes a set phrase, usually an informal noun phrase, is used for this purpose:.
Occasionally, the comparative or superlative form appears with a determiner and the thing being modified is understood:. Authority for this section: We do, however, definitely use less when referring to statistical or numerical expressions: It's less than twenty miles to Dallas. He's less than six feet tall. Your essay should be a thousand words or less.
We spent less than forty dollars on our trip.
The town spent less than four percent of its budget on snow removal. In these situations, it's possible to regard the quantities as sums of countable measures.
To avoid ambiguity and the slippery use of thanwe could write "I like him better than Superlatively yummy 1 does" or "I like him better than I like her. In the United States, we usually use "more than" in countable numerical expressions meaning "in excess of" or "over. For instance, in the U.
Even in the U. We've been waiting well over two hours for her. Most other languages dictate a similar order, but not necessarily the same order.
It takes a lot of practice with a language before this order becomes instinctive, because the order often seems quite arbitrary if not downright capricious.
There is, however, a pattern.
You will find many exceptions to the pattern in the table below, but it is definitely important to learn the pattern of adjective order if it is not part of what you naturally bring to the language.
It would be folly, of course, to run more than two or three at the most adjectives together. Furthermore, when adjectives belong to the same class, they become what we call coordinated adjectives, and you will want to put a comma between them: The rule for inserting the comma works this way: We could say these are "inexpensive but comfortable shoes," so we would use a comma between them when the "but" isn't there.
When you have three coordinated adjectives, separate them all with commas, but don't insert a comma between the last adjective and the noun in spite of the temptation to do so because you often pause there:.
See the section on Commas for additional help in punctuating coordinated adjectives. When an adjective owes its origins to a proper noun, it should probably be capitalized. Some periods of time have taken on the status of proper adjectives: Directional and seasonal adjectives are not capitalized unless they're part of a title:. See the section on Capitalization for further help on this matter. Collective Adjectives When the definite article, theis combined with an adjective describing a class or group of people, the resulting phrase can act as a noun: The difference between a Collective Noun which is usually regarded as singular but which can be plural in certain contexts and a collective adjective is that the latter is always plural and requires Superlatively yummy 1 plural verb:.
The opposite or the negative aspect of an adjective can be formed in a number Superlatively yummy 1 ways. The opposite of beautiful is uglythe opposite of tall is short. A thesaurus can help you find an appropriate opposite. Another way to form the opposite of an adjective is with a number of prefixes.
The opposite of fortunate is unfortunatethe opposite of prudent is imprudentthe opposite of considerate is inconsideratethe opposite of honorable is dishonorablethe opposite of alcoholic is nonalcoholicthe opposite of being properly filed is misfiled. If you are Superlatively yummy 1 sure of the spelling of adjectives modified in this way by prefixes or which is the appropriate prefixyou will have to consult a dictionary, as the rules for the selection of a prefix are complex and Superlatively yummy 1 shifty to be trusted.
Superlatively yummy 1 meaning itself can be tricky; for instance, flammable and inflammable mean the same Superlatively yummy 1.
A third means for creating the opposite of an adjective is to combine it with less or least to create a comparison which points in the opposite direction.
Interesting shades of meaning and tone become available with this usage. It is kinder to say that "This is the least beautiful city in the state. A candidate for a job can still be worthy and yet be " less worthy of consideration" than another candidate. It's probably not a good idea to use this construction with an adjective that is already a negative: Use the comparative less when the comparison is between two things or people; use the superlative least when the comparison is among many things or people.
Some Adjectival Problem Children Good versus Well In both casual speech and formal writing, we frequently have to choose between the adjective good and the adverb well.
With Superlatively yummy 1 verbs, there is Superlatively yummy 1 contest: He knows only too well who the murderer is. However, when using a linking verb or a verb that has to do with the five human senses, you want to use the adjective instead.