White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly and often exclusively for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view. The term has at times been expanded to encompass persons of Middle Eastern and North African descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.
The usage of "white people" or a "white race" for a large group of mainly or exclusively European populations, defined by their light skinamong other physical characteristics, and contrasting with " black people ", Amerindiansand other " colored " people or " persons of color ", originated in the 17th century.
It was only during the 19th century that this vague category was transformed in a quasi-scientific system of race and Dark and white males color relations. The term " Caucasian " is sometimes used as Dark and white males synonym for "white" in its racial sense and sometimes to refer to a larger racial category that includes white people among other groups.
The concept of a unified white race did not achieve universal acceptance in Europe when it first came into use in Dark and white males 17th century, or in the centuries afterward.
The strongest proponent of racialism in 20th-century Europe, Nazi Germanyregarded some European peoples such as Slavs Dark and white males racially distinct from themselves. Prior to the modern age, no European peoples regarded themselves as "white", but rather defined their race, ancestry, or Dark and white males in terms of their nationality. Moreover, there is no accepted standard for determining the geographic barrier between white and non-white people.
Contemporary anthropologists and other scientists, while recognizing the reality of biological variation between different human populations, regard the concept of a "white race" as socially constructed.
The concept of whiteness has particular resonance in racially diverse countries with large majority or minority populations of more or less mixed European ancestry: In much of the rest of Europe, the distinction between race and nationality is more blurred; when people are asked to describe their race or ancestry, they often describe it in terms of their nationality.
Various social constructions of whiteness have been significant to national identity, public policyreligionpopulation statisticsracial segregationaffirmative actionwhite privilegeeugenicsracial marginalizationand racial quotas.
The term "white race" or "white people" entered the major European languages in the later 17th century, in the context of racialized slavery and unequal social status in the European colonies. Description of populations as "white" in reference to their skin color predates this notion and is occasionally found in Greco-Roman ethnography and other ancient or medieval sources, but these societies did not have any notion of a white, pan-European race. Scholarship on race distinguishes the modern concept from pre-modern descriptions, which focused on physical complexion rather than race.
According to anthropologist Nina Jablonski:. We know the Egyptians were not oblivious to skin color, however, because artists paid attention to it in their works of art, to the extent that the pigments at the time permitted.
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The Ancient Egyptian New Kingdom funerary text known as the Book of Gates distinguishes "four groups" in a procession. These are the Egyptiansthe Levantine and Canaanite peoples or "Asiatics", the " Nubians " and the "fair-skinned Libyans ".
The assignment of positive and negative connotations of white and black to certain persons date to the very old age in a number of Indo-European languagesbut these Dark and white males were not necessarily used in respect to skin colors. Religious conversion was sometimes described figuratively as a change in skin color.
Dee states "the Greeks do not describe themselves as 'white people'—or as anything else because they had no regular word in their color vocabulary for themselves. The term "white race" or "white people" Dark and white males the major European languages in the later 17th century, originating with the racialization of slavery at the time, in the context of the Atlantic slave trade  and the enslavement of indigenous peoples in the Spanish Empire.
According to historian Irene Silverblatt, "Race thinking […] made social categories into racial truths. Before the age of exploration, group differences were largely based on language, religion, and geography. Beginning in the s, Europeans began to develop what became known as "scientific racism," the attempt to construct a biological rather than cultural definition of race […] Whiteness, then, emerged as what we now call a "pan-ethnic" category, as a way of merging a variety of European ethnic populations into a single "race" […].
In the 16th and 17th centuries, "East Asian peoples were almost uniformly described as white, never as yellow. A three-part racial schema in color terms was used in seventeenth-century Latin America under Spanish rule.
Dark and white males
Early appearances of white race or white people in the Oxford English Dictionary begin in the seventeenth century. Dark and white males studies of race and ethnicity in the 18th and 19th centuries developed into what would later be termed scientific racism. Prominent European scientists writing about human and natural difference included a white or west Eurasian race among a small set of human races and imputed physical, mental, or aesthetic superiority to this white category.
These ideas were discredited by twentieth-century scientists. InCarl Linnaeus proposed what he considered to be natural taxonomic categories of the human species. He distinguished Dark and white males Homo sapiens and Homo sapiens europaeusand he later added four geographical subdivisions of humans: Although Linnaeus intended them as objective classifications, his descriptions of these groups included cultural patterns and derogatory stereotypes.
Inthe naturalist Johann Friedrich Blumenbach asserted that "The white colour holds the first place, such as is that of most European peoples. The redness of the cheeks in this variety is almost peculiar to it: In the various editions of his On the Natural Variety of Mankindhe categorized Dark and white males into four or five races, largely built on Linnaeus' classifications.
But while, inhe had grouped into his "first and most important" race "Europe, Asia this side of the Ganges, and all the country situated to the north of the Amoor, together with that part of North America, which is nearest both in position and character of the inhabitants", he somewhat narrows his "Caucasian variety" in the third edition of his text, of In the question of color, he conduces a rather thorough enquire, considering also Dark and white males of diet and healthbut ultimately believes that "climate, and the influence of the soil and the temperature, together with the mode of life, have the greatest influence".
Blumenbach argued that physical characteristics like skin color, cranial profile, etc.
Like other monogenistsBlumenbach held to the " degenerative hypothesis " of racial origins. He claimed that Adam and Eve were Caucasian inhabitants of Asia,  and that other races came about by degeneration from environmental factors such as the sun and poor diet.
He consistently believed that the degeneration could be reversed in a proper environmental control and that all contemporary forms of man could revert to the original Caucasian race.
During the period of the midth to midth century,  race scientists, including most Dark and white males anthropologists classified the world's populations into three, four, or five raceswhich, depending on the authority consulted, were further divided into various sub-races. During this period the Caucasian racenamed after people of the North Caucasus Caucasus Mountains but extending to all Europeans, figured as one of these races, and was incorporated as a formal category of both scientific research and, in countries including the United States, social classification.
There was never any scholarly consensus on the delineation between the Caucasian race, including the populations of Europe, and the Mongoloid one, including the populations of East Asia. Coon included the populations native to all of Central and Northern Asia under the Caucasian Dark and white males, while Thomas Henry Huxley classified the same populations as Mongoloid, and Lothrop Stoddard classified as " brown " most of the populations of the Middle EastNorth Africa and Central Asia, and counted as "white" only the European peoples and their descendants, as well as some populations in parts of Anatolia and the northern areas of Morocco, Algeria And Tunisia.
Though modern neo-nazis often invoke National Socialist iconography on behalf of white nationalism, National Socialist Germany repudiated the idea of a unified white race, instead promoting Nordicism.
In National Socialist propaganda, Eastern European Slavs were often referred to as Untermenschand the relatively under-developed Dark and white males of Eastern European countries such as Poland and the USSR were attributed to the racial inferiority of their inhabitants.
Alastair Bonnett has stated that a strong "current of scientific research supports the theory that Europeans were but one expression of a wider racial group termed sometimes Caucasian ," a group that, Bonnett notes, would include not only Europeans, but also South AsiansNorth Africansand even Northeast Africans such as Dark and white males. Racial categories remain widely used in medical research, but this can create important problems. For example, researchers Raj Bhopal and Liam Donaldson opine that since white people are a heterogeneous group, the term white should therefore be abandoned as a classification for the purposes of epidemiology and health research, and identifications based on geographic origin and migration history be used instead.
Definitions of white have changed over the years, including the official definitions used in many countries, such as the United States and Brazil. Below are some census definitions of white, which may Dark and white males from the social definition of white within the same country. The social definition has also been added where possible. Argentinaalong with other areas of new settlement like Canada, Australia, New Zealand or the United States, is considered a country of immigrants where the vast majority originated from Europe.
White people can be found in all areas of the country, but especially in the central-eastern region Pampasthe central-western region Cuyothe southern region Patagonia and the north-eastern region Litoral.
White Argentines are mainly descendants of immigrants who came from Europe and the Middle East in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Smaller but significant numbers of immigrants include Germans, primarily Volga Germans from Russiabut also Germans from Germany, Switzerland, and Austria ; French which mainly came from the Occitania region of France; Portuguesewhich already conformed an important community since colonial times; Slavic groups, most of which were CroatsBosniaksPolesbut also UkrainiansBelarusiansRussiansBulgariansSerbs and Montenegrins ; Dark and white males, mainly from England and Wales ; Irish who left from the Potato famine or British rule; Scandinavians from SwedenDenmark, Finlandand Norway ; from the Ottoman Empire came mainly Armeniansand various Semitic peoples such as Syriacs - AssyriansMaronites and Arabs from what are now of Lebanon and Syria.
Smaller Dark and white males of settlers from Australia and South Africa, and the Dark and white males States can be traced in Argentine immigration records.
Argentina is home to the fifth largest Ashkenazi Jewish community in the world. See also History of the Jews in Argentina. By the s, after immigration rates peaked, over 30 percent of the country's population was from outside Argentina, and over half of Buenos Aires ' population was foreign-born.
Since the s, increasing immigration from bordering countries to the north especially from Bolivia and ParaguayDark and white males have Amerindian and Mestizo majorities has lessened that majority somewhat.
Criticism of the national census state that data has historically been collected using the category of national origin Dark and white males than race in Argentina, leading to undercounting Afro-Argentines and Mestizos.
The national census was the final year where blacks were included as a separate category before it was eliminated by the government. Fromwhen the first British colony in Australia was founded, until the early 19th century, most immigrants to Australia were English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish convicts. These were augmented by small numbers of free settlers from the British Isles and other European countries. However, until the midth century, there were few restrictions on immigration, although members of ethnic minorities tended to be assimilated into the Anglo-Celtic populations.
People of many nationalities, including many non-white people, emigrated to Australia during the goldrushes of the s. However, the vast majority was still white and the goldrushes inspired the first racist activism and policy, directed mainly at Chinese people.
These policies became known as the " White Australia policy ", which was consolidated and enabled by the Immigration Restriction Act but was never universally applied.
Immigration inspectors were empowered to ask immigrants to take dictation from any European language as a test for admittance, a test used in practice to exclude people from Asia, Africa, and some European and South American countries, depending on the political climate.
Although they were not the prime targets of the policy, it was not until after World War II that large numbers of southern European and eastern European immigrants were admitted for the first time. Inall immigration restrictions based on Dark and white males and geographic origin were officially terminated.
Australia enumerated its population by race between andby racial-origin in andand by self-declared ancestry alone since Inabout 3, white German speaking Mennoniteswho settled before in Canada and Russia, arrived in Belize. They consist of 3. Recent censuses in Brazil are conducted on the basis of self-identification. According to the Census, they totaled 91, people, and made up White in Brazil is applied as a term to people of European descent, and Middle Easterners of all ethnicities.
The census shows a trend of fewer Brazilians of a different descent most likely mixed identifying Dark and white males white people as their social status increases.
Aside from Portuguese colonization, there were large waves of immigration from the rest of Europe, as well as the Balkans and the Middle East. In Brazil, most members of these communities of European and Middle Eastern descent — the fourth largest in the Americas after the United States, Canada and Argentina [ citation needed ] — also have some Subsaharan African or Amerindian ancestry.
Non-Portuguese ancestry generally Dark and white males associated with an image of foreignerEuropeanand as such contributed to a social perception of being whiter in the color range of Brazilian society.
In the Dark and white males of Statistics Canada 's Canadian Censuswhite is one category in the population groups data variable, derived from data collected in question 19 the results of this question are also used to derive the visible minority groups variable.
In the Employment Equity Act, '"members of visible minorities" means persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'. During colonial times in the 18th century, an important flux of emigrants from Spain populated Chile, mostly Basques, who vitalized the Chilean economy and rose rapidly in the social hierarchy and became the political elite that still dominates the country. Chile was never an attractive place for European migrants in the 19th and 20th century simply because it was far from Europe and difficult to reach.
The original arrival of Spaniards was the most radical change in demographics Dark and white males to the arrival of Europeans in Chile,  since there was never a period of massive immigration, as happened in neighboring nations such as Argentina and Uruguay. However, it is undeniable that immigrants have played a major role in Chilean society. This was because most of the migration occurred across the Atlantic before the construction of the Panama Canal.
Europeans preferred to stay in countries closer to their homelands instead of taking the long trip through the Straits of Magellan or across the Andes. After the failed liberal revolution of in the German states,   a significant German immigration took place, laying the foundation for the Dark and white males community.
Another historically significant immigrant group is Croatian. The number of their descendants today is estimated to bepersons, the equivalent of 2. The census figures show how Colombians see themselves in terms of race.
I'm black or brown, depending on who you ask, and I mainly date white guys. I have no idea why and it's definitely not a conscious Dark and white males. I grew up in a small. May 26, I know this isn't a direct answer to the question but its pretty obvious that white women clearly rule the world.
Middle Eastern men are more than dark - haired; they’re brown men (they have brown skin tones), but, Italians are European. Many like all three: Italians and other.
Jun 16, There is no context in America for black men raising white children, which is than a dark man living with, laughing with, and loving white children.
to a pair of nearly month old twin boys who are the lights and delights of.